Anxiety

Anxiety is such a whisperer. In fact, it never ceases to purr upon humanity. Uncertainty fills and frightens many people’s minds. It’s like a constant rustling wind. It can cause you to sweat, feel agitated and tense, and cause your heart to race. It is apprehension or fear of what is to come. It is your body’s normal physiological response to stress. For example, you may feel anxious when confronted with a difficult situation or before making a critical decision, as the consequences may occupy your thoughts. Anxiety is a normal part of the human experience.

People with anxiety disorders, on the other hand, frequently experience intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Anxiety disorders frequently involve repeated episodes of intense anxiety, fear, or terror that peak within minutes (panic attacks). Anxiety and panic disrupt daily activities, are difficult to control, are out of proportion to the actual danger, and can last for a long time. To avoid these feelings, you may avoid places or situations. Symptoms may appear in childhood or adolescence and persist into adulthood. Generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), specific phobias, and separation anxiety disorder are all examples of anxiety disorders. You can have multiple anxiety disorders.

Risk factors for anxiety disorders?

Biological risk factors, such as genes, If you have a family history of anxiety disorders, you are more likely at risk to develop the disorder. That implies that your genes play a role. Scientists have yet to discover an “anxiety gene.” So just because your parent or a close relative has one doesn’t mean you’ll get one as well. Stressful or traumatic events—Children who have experienced abuse or trauma, or who have witnessed traumatic events, are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder at some point in their lives. Anxiety disorders can develop in adults who have experienced a traumatic event. When you suffer from depression for an extended period of time, you are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder. Certain personality traits, such as shyness or behavioral inhibition — feeling uneasy around and avoiding unfamiliar people, situations, or environments.

What are the symptoms of an anxiety disorder?

Anxiety disorders are characterized by symptoms such as cold or sweaty hands, dry mouth, heart palpitations, nausea, and numbness or tingling in the hands or feet. Shortness of breath, muscle tension Panicked, fearful, and unsettled, Nightmares, Uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts, repeated thoughts or flashbacks of traumatic experiences Inability to remain calm and still Problems sleeping due to ritualistic behaviors such as hand washing. Please contact your health care provider if you are experiencing symptoms of an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety in developed and developing countries.

Developed countries have higher rates of anxiety in their populations than developing countries, according to a finding that even the researchers were surprised by. There was a higher proportion of people with generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD — defined as excessive and uncontrollable worry that interferes with a person’s life — and with severe GAD in higher-income countries. The findings were published in JAMA Psychiatry by the researchers, who are members of the WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Australia and New Zealand, both classified as high-income countries, had the highest lifetime prevalence rates, at 8% and 7.9%, respectively. Nigeria (0.1%) and Shenzhen, China (0.2%) had the lowest reported rates; both were classified as low-income areas. Anxiety disorders affect approximately 18.1 percent of the population in the United States each year. Researchers hypothesized that lower-income countries’ prevalence rates might differ due to relative political or economic instability. These factors may have directly contributed to higher rates — or indirectly contributed to lower rates, because people may not have reported “excessive” anxiety because their concerns were justified by the issues they faced. This could be true because mental disorders are still largely a mystery in most developing countries.

It is not unusual for someone suffering from anxiety to also suffer from depression, or vice versa. Is it possible to have both depression and anxiety? Anxiety disorders affect nearly half of those who are diagnosed with depression. Depression and anxiety are distinct conditions, but they frequently coexist. Anxiety can be a sign of clinical (major) depression. Anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or separation anxiety disorder, are also common triggers for depression. Several people have anxiety disorders as well as clinical depression.

References

15, Kate Sheridan March, et al. “Rich Countries Are More Anxious than Poorer Countries.” STAT, 15 Mar. 2017, https://www.statnews.com/2017/03/15/anxiety-rich-country-poor-country/.

“Anxiety Disorders.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 4 May 2018, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anxiety/symptoms-causes/syc-20350961.

“Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatments.” Cleveland Clinic, https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9536-anxiety-disorders.

“Facts & Statistics: Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA.” Facts & Statistics | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA, https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics.

“Risk Factors for Anxiety.” WebMD, WebMD, https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/ss/slideshow-anxiety-risk-factors.

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